1. interregional migration: migration between regions of a country.
2. intraregional migration: migration withinone region.
3. population center: average location of everyone in the country.
4. counterurbanization: net migration from urban to rural areas.
Migration Between Regions Within the United States:
Interregional migration has happened more in the past with farmers not having land. Having not enough farmland pushed the farmers from more populated areas to less populated areas because the less populated areas had more farmland. 200 years ago,through mass interregional migration the center of the United States was settled and developed. This means after 1790 people moved into the center of the U.S. to buy land at a low price. This resulted in the population growing in the middle of the U.S. and making the it the population center. Improvements in transportation like the building of canals and the increase in steem-powered boats speeded up water travel helping people move quicker and easier. Then the population started moving west just past Cincinnati, Ohio in 1880. The population center moved 7 miles per year during that time compared to 4 miles per year during the last 40 years. Migrants headed to California for the opportunity to find gold during the Gold Rush
Today, most people move to find better jobs but some people move for noneconomic reasons.
Basically people moved all around the U.S. to find a better way of life. They were driven to certain areas because of the promise of land, wealth, and jobs. Interregional migration was important in the U.S because it spread people throughout the country and those people created farms, businesses, and other economic opportunities for other migrants. This created our economy and led to inventions like the canals and steam boats that let people move more freely, and helped us become a more industrialized country.
Migration Between Regions in Other Countries:
Russia: In Russia the Soviet Policy wanted factory construction near raw materials instead of by where all the people were. Not enough workers were where the factories were bilt so the had to migrate to where they were. So in Russia people migrated to the factories, mines, and construction sites in order to get a job.
Brazil: In Brazil, the main cities were along the coast so not many people lived in the center of Brazil so the government moved its capital from the costal city of Rio de Janeiro to the centeral city of Brazilia. Eventually people moved to Brazilia in search of a job.
Indonesia: Indonesia's government actually paid people to move to it's less populated islands. The government gave people 5 acres of land, supplies to build a house, seeds and fertilizers to get their crops growing and food to support them until their crops grew.
*these are all examples of how migration happens in other countries*
Rural to Urban Areas:
More people choose to move within a region. Urbanization started in the 1800s in Euope and the U.S. Migration from rual to urban areas has grown the most in less developed countries. It is estimated that 20 milllion people each year will move from rural to urban areas. Like interregional migrants, intraregional migrants move to find better jobs and other economic opportunities.
Urban to Suburban Areas:
In more developed countries, intraregional migration is from the big cities to suburbs. More Americans will move from central cities to suburbs than they will move from sububs to central cities. The big reason why people choose to more from the big cities to suburbs is that the suburbs provide a chance to live in a house rather than an appartment, and the house could have a yard, the schools would be better, and people would rather raise their kids in a safe place like the sububs opposed to the city.
Metropolitan to Nonmetropolitan Areas:
Now, people started moving out of urban area and into rural areas. People moved to the country or rural areas for lifestyle reasons like the chance to own horses and farmland and grow crops. But, they usually dont make a living in agriculture, they work in nearby factories, small town shops, or other services. Although most people that move to rural areas are retired. And are interested in things like fishing or hiking.
By Bryanne McCormick